Concrete art in the 21st century. Further development and research into the current present.
Concrete art is an art movement that focuses on geometric abstraction. The term was first formulated by Theo van Doesburg and used by him in 1930 to define the difference between his vision of art and that of other abstract artists of the time. The term was further defined and popularized by Max Bill, who organized the first international exhibition in 1944 and popularized the style in Latin America. After World War II, the term was widely taken up and promoted through a series of international exhibitions and art movements.
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“FOUNDATION OF CONCRETE PAINTING
1. art is universal.
2. a work of art must be completely conceived and formed by the mind before its execution. It should not receive any formal data of nature or sensuality.
3. the picture must be made up of elements, namely surfaces and colors. A pictorial element has no meaning beyond “itself”; consequently, a painting has no meaning other than “itself”.
4. the structure of a painting and its elements must be simple.
5. the painting technique must be simple.
6. the pursuit of absolute clarity is required.
In 1930, the Dutch artist Theo van Doesburg founded art concrèt, according to which the composition of a work should be developed on the basis of objective geometric principles. In Switzerland, the Zurich school of concrete artists formed, which included Max Bill, Verena Loewensberg, Richard P. Lohse, and Camille Graeser. Vera Molnar and Aurélie Nemours were among the most important representatives of Concrete Art in France. The collection of the Wilhelm Hack Museum also includes works by numerous Concrete artists active in Germany, for example Horst Bartnig, Thomas Peter Kausel, Hartmut Böhm, Peter Staechelin and Ludwig Wilding.